In 1996, genetically modified crops were introduced to the fields of the world. One of the purported benefits of these genetically modified organisms was the reduced need for pesticides and herbicides. The modified genes were designed to produce the toxins from inside the plant, rather than require application from outside. Initially, this concept seemed well-founded as a worldwide dip in pesticide and herbicide use was recorded at the end of the last millennium. Life, however, can adapt at a remarkable pace. Increasingly, scientists and agronomists discovered new varieties of plants and insects that had developed a resistance to the compounds the modified crops produced.